Neuropathic pain is a type of chronic pain that is caused by damage or injury to the nervous system. The pain is often described as burning, tingling, shooting, or electric shock-like sensations. It can also be accompanied by numbness or weakness.
Neuropathic pain can be caused by a variety of conditions, including diabetes, multiple sclerosis, shingles, HIV, and spinal cord injuries. Some medications, such as chemotherapy drugs and certain antidepressants, can also cause neuropathic pain.
Treatment for neuropathic pain can include medications such as antidepressants, anticonvulsants, and painkillers, as well as nerve blocks, physical therapy, and nerve stimulation therapy. Opioids are generally considered to be ineffective for neuropathic pain, but many people do find that opioids help relieve the pain.
It’s important to note that Neuropathic pain can be both primary and secondary.